Inquiry & Agency: A Theory of Intellectual Virtues and Vices (under contract with Oxford University Press). 

Deep in Thought: A Practical Guide to Teaching for Intellectual Virtues (Harvard Education Press, 2021).

Intellectual Virtues and Education: Essays in Applied Virtue Epistemology, ed. (Routledge, 2016). For more information about this volume, see here.

The Inquring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology (Oxford University Press, 2011). Chapter 1 is available here. A review of the book can be found here. And an interview about the book is here.


Democracy, Information Technology, and Virtue Epistemology,” forthcoming in Virtues, Democracy, and Online Media, eds. Nancy Snow and Maria Silvia Vaccarezza (Routledge, 2021). 

Two Concepts of Intellectual Humility,” forthcoming in Faith and Virtue Formation, eds. Adam Pelser and Scott Cleveland (Oxford University Press, 2021).

The Puzzle of Humility and Disparity,” with Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, and Dan Howard-Snyder, Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Humility, eds. Mark Alfano, Michael Lynch, and Allesandra Tanesini (Routlege, 2021).

The Structure of an Intellectual Vice,” Vice Epistemology, eds. Ian Kidd, Heather Battaly, and Quassim Cassam (London: Routledge, 2020): pp. 21-36.

The Scope of Humility,” with a response by Robert C. Roberts, The Joy of Humility, eds. Drew Collins, Ryan McAnnaly-Linz, and Evan Rosa (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2020): pp. 173-198.

Becoming Honest: Why We Lie and What Can Be Done About It,” with Steve Porter, Integrity, Honesty, and Truth-Seeking, eds. Christian Miller and Ryan West (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2020): pp. 182-206.

Intellectual Virtues, Critical Thinking, and the Aims of Education,” Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology, eds. Peter Graham, Miranda Fricker, David Henderson, Nikolaj Pedersen, and Jeremy Wyatt (Routledge, 2019): pp. 447-57.

Intellectual Virtues, Civility, and Public Discourse,” Virtue and Voice: Habits of Mind for a Return to Civil Discourse, eds. Gregg Tenelshof and Evan Rosa (Abilene Christian University Press, 2019): pp. 9-31.

Wisdom through Adversity: The Potential Role of Humility,” with Tenelle Porter, Georgi Gardiner, and Don Davis, Journal of Value Inquiry (2019): pp. 1-3.

Response: Intellectual Humility in Interdisciplinary Projects: Analysis and Measurement,” with Heather Battaly, Dennis Whitcomb, and Dan Howard-Snyder, Journal of Psychology and Christianity 38 (2019): 160-163.

Intellectual Virtues and Truth, Understanding, and Wisdom,” Oxford Handbook of Virtue, ed. Nancy Snow (Oxford University Press, 2018): pp. 800-819.

Virtue Epistemology, Virtue Ethics, and the Structure of Virtue,” Routledge Handbook of Virtue Epistemology, ed. Heather Battaly (New York: Routledge, 2018): pp. 144-162.

Flannery O’Connor and Religious Epistemology,” Religious Studies (2018): pp. 1-21. DOI: 10.1017/S0034412518000562.

Wisdom, Humility, and Suffering,” Journal of Value Inquiry (2018): pp. 1-17. DOI: 10.1007/S10790-018-9677-2. For a special issue on wisdom and posttraumatic growth, edited by Stephen Grimm, Laura Blackie, and Eranda Jayawickreme.

Intellectual Creativity,” Creativity and Philosophy, eds. Berys Gaut and Matthew Kieran (London: Routledge, 2018): pp. 42-59.

Finding Middle Ground Between Intellectual Arrogance and Intellectual Servility: Development and Assessment of the Limitations-Owning Intellectual Humility Scale,” with Megan Haggard, Wade Rowatt, Joseph Leman, Benjamin Meagher, Courtney Moore, Thomas Fargus, Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, and Dan Howard-Snyder, Personality and Individual Differences 124 (2018): pp. 184-193.

The Situationist Challenge to Educating for Intellectual Virtues,” Epistemic Situationism, eds. Mark Alfano and Abrol Fairweather (Oxford University Press, 2017): pp. 192-215.

Virtue,” Oxford Handbook of the Epistemology of Theology, eds. Fred Aquino and William Abraham (Oxford University Press, 2017): pp. 221-235.

Honesty’s Threshold,” Moral Psychology, Vol. 5: Virtues and Vices, ed. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Christian Miller (The MIT Press, 2017): pp. 275-286.

Varieties of Character and Some Implications for Character Education,” Journal of Youth and Adolescence (2017), DOI: 10.1007/s10964-017-0657-9. Part of special issue titled “Toward a Research Agenda: Building Character Strengths in Schools,” eds. Richard Lerner, Scott Seider, and Eranda Jayawickreme.

Responsibilist Virtues and the ‘Charmed Inner Circle’ of Traditional Epistemology,” Philosophical Studies (2016), DOI:10.1007/s11098-016-0734-z.

Is Intellectual Character Growth a Realistic Educational Aim?Journal of Moral Education 45.2 (2016): pp. 117-31. Part of a special issue on “Virtue and Control: Lessons from East and West,” eds. Heather Battaly and Ryan Nichols.

Intellectual Humility: Owning Our Limitations,” with Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, and Dan Howard-Snyder, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (2015), DOI: 10.1111/phpr.12228.

The Four Dimensions of an Intellectual Virtue,” Moral and Intellectual Virtues in Western and Chinese Philosophy, eds. Chienkuo Mi, Michael Slote, and Ernest Sosa (Routledge, 2015): pp. 86-98.

Character Virtues, Knowledge, and Epistemic Agency,” a debate with Ernest Sosa, Current Controversies in Virtue Theory, ed. Mark Alfano (Routledge, 2015): pp. 74-87.

Sophia,” Virtues and their Vices, eds. Kevin Timpe and Craig Boyd (Oxford University Press, 2014): pp. 303-323.

Must Knowledge Be Virtuously Motivated?” a debate with Linda Zagzebski, Contemporary Debates in Epistemology, second edition, eds. Matthias Steup and John Turri (Blackwell, 2013): pp. 133-51.

Educating for Intellectual Virtues: From Theory to Practice,” Journal of the Philosophy of Education 47 (2013): pp. 248-262. Reprinted in Education and the Growth of Knowledge: Perspectives from Virtue Epistemology and Social Epistemology, ed. Ben Kotzee (Blackwell, 2013).

The Cognitive Demands of Intellectual Virtue,” Knowledge, Virtue, and Action, eds. David Schweikard and Tim Henning (Routledge, 2013): pp. 99-118.

Two Types of Wisdom,” Acta Analytica 27 (2012): pp. 81-97. Special issue collecting papers from the 2011 Bled Philosophy Conference.

Credit Theories and the Value of Knowledge,” Philosophical Quarterly 62 (2012): pp. 1-22.

Open-Mindedness as a Christian Virtue?” Being Good, eds. Michael Austin and Douglas Geivett (Eerdmans, 2012): pp. 30-52.

The Structure of Open-Mindedness,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (2011): pp. 191-213.

Epistemic Malevolence,” Metaphilosophy 41 (2010): pp. 189-213. Reprinted in Virtue and Vice: Epistemic and Moral, ed. Heather Battaly (Blackwell, 2010).

Is There a Value Problem?” Epistemic Value, eds. Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, and Duncan Pritchard (Oxford University Press, 2009): pp. 42-59.

Evidentialism, Vice, and Virtue,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (2009): pp. 545-67. Reprinted in Evidentialism and Its Discontents, ed. Trent Dougherty (Oxford University Press, 2011).

Four Varieties of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology,” Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (2008): pp. 469-502. Reprinted in Virtue Epistemology: Contemporary Readings, eds. John Turri and John Greco (MIT Press, 2013).

On the Reliability of Moral and Intellectual Virtues,” Metaphilosophy 38 (2007): pp. 457-71.

Character, Reliability, and Virtue Epistemology,” Philosophical Quarterly  56 (2006): pp. 193-212.

Character In Epistemology,” Philosophical Studies 128 (2006): pp. 479-514.

Korsgaard on the Foundations of Moral Obligation,” Journal of Value Inquiry  37 (2003): pp. 481-91.

Necessity and Rational Insight: BonJour and Audi on A Priori Justification,” Journal of Philosophical Research  28 (2003): pp. 361-70.


Intellectual Virtue,” International Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. Hugh LaFollette (Wiley-Blackwell, 2018), DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.

Intellectual Virtues and Educational Practice,” Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory, ed. by Michael Peters (Springer, 2016).

Virtue Epistemology,” New Catholic Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2012-2013 Supplement (Gale Cenage Learning/Catholic University of America Press).

Virtue Epistemology,” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2004, online).

A Priori/A Posteriori,” Internet Encylopedia of Philosophy (2003, online). Translated into Polish here.


Review of Ernest Sosa, Knowing Full WellMind 121 (2012): pp. 532-39.

Review of Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung, Glittering Vices: On the Seven Deadly Sins and their Remedies, Journal of Spiritual Formation 3 (2010), pp. 109-111.

Review of Bob Roberts & Jay Wood, Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews  (2007, online).

Review of Duncan Pritchard, Epistemic Luck, Metaphilosophy 37 (2006), pp. 728-36.

Review of Michael DePaul & Linda Zagzebski (eds.), Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology, Philosophical Books 47 (2006), pp. 81-85.

Review of Jay Wood, Becoming Intellectually Virtuous, Philosophia Christi  2 (2000).


“Intellectual Humility, Limitations-Owning, and Self-Importance”

“Intellectual Humility and Metacognition”

“Patience and Perseverance,” with Josh Dolin, for a book on perseverance, edited by Nathan King.

“Wisdom In Perspective,” develops an account of wisdom simpliciter from which accounts of practical wisdom (phronesis) and theoretical wisdom (sophia) can be derived.


Cultivating Good MindsThis 34-chapter, 550-page guide is written for educators interested in learning more about and practicing “intellectual character education.” It is written primarily for secondary teachers; however, its contents are adaptable to higher and lower levels of education.

Educating for Intellectual Virtues: An Introductory Guide for College and University Instructors. This is a free resource for post-secondary instructors interested in integrating a focus on intellectual character development into their courses.

“Democracy, Intellectual Virtues, and Education,” Voices in Education (Harvard Education Publishing), Oct. 2021.

Virtues of the Mind,” Good Thought, a monthly publication of the Kenan Institute for Ethics, Duke University, August 2021.

Skepticism, Tribalism, and Humble Persistence,” Open for Debate, April 2020.

A Dose of Intellectual Humility for Adolescents,”, August 2015.

How Does Humility Contribute to Strength?” Big Questions Online, December 2013.

Educating for Intellectual Character,” Voices in Education (Harvard Education Publishing), Jan. 2013.

Foreword,” Virtuous Minds: Intellectual Character Development for Students, Educators, and Parents, by Phil Dow (InterVarsity Press, 2013).

Conference comments on J. Lackey’s “Why We Don’t Deserve Credit for Everything We Know

Internalism and the Value Problem

Unraveling the Value Problem